African locust bean popularly known as iru is of great importance in Nigeria as people rely on it as a source of food, traditional medicine and remedy for several ailments.
Both the fruits, seeds, leaves, nuts, pods and essential oils of the African locust beans are highly valuable. The seeds, which are enclosed in the yellow pulp are the most important and the most widely used part of this plant.
These seeds are usually converted into an aromatic spice known as iru, ogiri or dawadawa.
4. Dermatological Properties
The root, bark and leaves of the African locust beans can be infused, soaked and used for bathing by individuals suffering from skin infections.
It can also be applied to the skin to soothe burns.
5. Treatment of Respiratory Infections
It can be infused or soaked in liquid for treating respiratory infections such as pneumonia, bronchitis, cold, cough and fever.
The patient has to drink and gargle on the concoction.
6. Treatment of Gastrointestinal Disorders
Iru is also a rich source of tannins and as such both the seeds, roots, stems, barks, fruits, flowers and leaves can be used for treating gastrointestinal diseases such as diarrhoea and ulcer.