All You Need To Know About MonkeyPox Virus

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All You Need To Know About MonkeyPox Virus

Currently in Bayelsa state, no fewer than 10 persons including a Medical doctor, have been reportedly quarantined as a result of the Monkeypox virus.

Prof. Ebitimitula, the state Commissioner for Health, confirmed that smaples of the virus had been sent to the World Health Organisation laboratory in Dakar, Senegal, for analysis.

According to World Health Organisation, Monkeypox virus is a rare disease that occurs primarily in remote areas of central and West and Central Africa. It is similar to small pox and can cause a fatal illness in humans.

It can be transmitted through the following:

  • Direct contact with the blood, bodily fluids, or cutaneous or mucosal lesions of infected animals. In
  • In Africa, human infections have been documented through the handling of infected monkeys, Gambian giant rats and squirrels, with rodents being the major reservoir of the virus.
  • Eating inadequately cooked meat of infected animals is a possible risk factor.

 

Symptoms are

  • The invasion period (0-5 days) is usually characterized by fever, intense headache, lymphadenopathy (swelling of the lymph node), back pain, myalgia (muscle ache) and an intense asthenia (lack of energy).
  • Rashes appear on the face and often begin to spread elsewhere on the body. The face (in 95% of cases), and palms of the hands and soles of the feet (75%) are most affected. The rashes evolve from maculopapules (lesions with flat bases) to vesicles (small fluid-filled blisters), pustules, followed by crusts occurs in approximately 10 days. Three weeks might be necessary before the complete disappearance of the crusts.

 

Note that, for now, there are specific treatments or vaccines available but outbreaks can be controlled by

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  • Avoiding contact with infected patients
  • Gloves and protective equipment should be worn when taking care of ill people.
  • Regular hand washing should be carried out after caring for or visiting sick people.
  • Cook all animal products (blood, meat) before eating.
  • Gloves and other appropriate protective clothing should be worn while handling sick animals or their infected tissues, and during slaughtering procedures.
  • Health-care workers caring for patients with suspected or confirmed monkeypox virus infection, or handling specimens from them, should implement standard infection control precautions.
  • Samples taken from people and animals with suspected monkeypox virus infection should be handled by trained staff working in suitably equipped laboratories.
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